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The nationwide total lockdown will be enforced in light of the country's worsening Covid-19 situation and will be done in three phases

Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin announced on May 28 that Malaysia will be going into total lockdown (FMCO) from June 1 - 14. “This decision was made after taking into account the current situation of the Covid-19 outbreak in Malaysia, with daily cases surpassing 8,000 and over 70,000 active cases,” the statement read.

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“As of today, 2,552 have passed away from this pandemic, and the number of deaths is increasing. The presence of more aggressive variants with higher infectivity also influenced today’s decision,” he said, adding that hospital capacity nationwide to treat Covid-19 patients is also becoming increasingly limited.

The lockdown will be conducted in three phases. Phase one involves the full closure of social and economic sectors for 14 days starting June 1.

If the total lockdown is successful, the government will then go into phase two, which will allow the reopening of some sectors in the economy that doesn’t involve large gatherings as well as adhering to physical distancing. Phase two will be implemented for a period of four weeks.

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After phase two ends, Malaysia will then go into phase three which is similar to the current Movement Control Order (MCO) 3.0. Phase three will allow almost all economic sectors to operate with strict SOPs together with limited physical presence in the workplace. Social activities won’t be allowed.

“However, the decision to move from one phase to another will be subjected to risk assessment by the Ministry of Health (MoH). Evaluation will be made based on the current daily Covid-19 cases and hospital capacity across the country in treating Covid-19 patients,” the statement read.

On May 30, health director-general Tan Sri Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah and Senior Minister (Security Cluster) Datuk Seri Ismail Sabri Yaakob held a joint press conference to announce the standard operating procedures (SOPs) for the full lockdown. Here's what you can and can't do during phase one of the lockdown:

  • Only two people from each household are allowed to go out to buy essentials or seek medical services, with movement limited to a 10km radius from their residence.
  • Sports and recreational activities are limited to jogging and exercises that do not involve physical contact, and only from 7am to 8pm.
  • All work permission letters issued by the International Trade and Industry Ministry are also only valid up to May 31 and will no longer be valid starting June 1.
  • All teaching and learning activities for higher education institutions under the Higher Education Ministry will be conducted online.
  • Kindergartens and nurseries aren't allowed to operate except for those catering to the children of frontliners and parents who are both working. All private kindergartens and international schools and for expatriates are not allowed to operate.
  • Students would be allowed to sit for examinations under international examination bodies at international and expatriate schools.
  • Long-distance married couples will no longer be able to apply for police permission letters to cross states or districts starting June 1 until June 14.
  • Children aged 12 and under are prohibited from being present in any public premises or facilities except under certain circumstances such as emergency, medical treatment, education, and exercising.
  • While there's no curfew in place, Malaysians are urged not to go out after 8pm.

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The essentials that are allowed to operate during this time include:

  • Food and beverages including for animals. All F&B outlets are allowed to operate for delivery and takeaway services only (strictly no dine-ins).
  • Health and medical care including dietary supplements, animal care and clinics as well as veterinary services.
  • Water.
  • Energy.
  • Security and safety, defence, emergency, welfare, and humanitarian assistance.
  • Solid waste management and public cleaning and sewerage.
  • Transportation by land, water, or air.
  • Services and operations of ports, shipyards and airport including loading, lattice transportation, cargo handling and piloting, and storage or bulk commodity.
  • Communications including media, telecommunications, and internet, post, and courier as well as broadcasting (for purpose of conveying information, news and the like only)
  • Banking, insurance, takaful, and capital markets.
  • Community credit (mortgage only).
  • E-commerce and information technology.
  • Production, distillation, storage, supply and distribution of fuels and lubricants
  • Hotels and accommodation (only for the purpose of quarantine, isolation, and not for tourism).
  • Critical construction, maintenance, and repairs.
  • Forestry services (limited to enforcement) and wildlife.
  • Logistics limited to the delivery of necessary services only.