Cover Construction for the first sustainable city on Mars is scheduled to start by 2054 (Photo: ABIBOO Studio / SONet)

The idea was conceived by architect firm, ABIBOO for a design of over five cities, with the capital called Nüwa scheduled for completion by 2100

Following the successful landing of NASA's Perseverance, it seems that the question now is: when humans will live on the red planet? Architect firm, ABIBOO offers an answer, unveiling its plans for the first sustainable city on Mars. The new design contains five cities including Nüwa which is set to become the space capital. The idea was first presented at the Annual Mars Convention in 2020.

Nüwa will be located on the slope of one of the Martian cliffs and have abundant water access located at Tempe Mensa. This location is also chosen to protect future inhabitants from any atmospheric radiation, pressure, meteorites, while still having access to indirect sunlight. It will act just like any livable city, complete with offices, homes and green spaces. An estimated 250,000 to a million people will call Nüwa home.

Five cities will be built instead of one in order to improve resilience, long term access to resources and to add mobility options to the citizens. According to ABIBOO, the Ablos City will be located in the North Pole to allow easier access to ice while the Marineries City will be located in the extensive canyon of the solar system. The core of the cities will be sustainable but most especially self-sustainable which means all resources are obtained locally.

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Speaking to Tatler, ABIBOO founder, Alber Muñoz says, "Nüwa is the first project that proposes a realistic vertical city on Mars. The technical solutions and the science behind Nüwa offer highly scalable solutions for any future off-world settlement. We think that those solutions can be a roadmap on sustainable ways to create permanent habitats on Mars."

ABIBOO worked with SONet Network, an international team of scientists and academics to conceptualised a design based on scientific research. It was chosen as a finalist for the Mars City State competition organized by The Mars Society.

"Nüwa is the result of months of work of 30+ global experts from different fields. n the following years, we aim to include many more experts, partners, investors, and enthusiasts to continue the journey of creating a fully sustainable off-world settlement. The ultimate goal would be for the next generation to see it as a reality," says Muñoz.

With all things considered, construction is expected to start by 2054 with the first community set to start living there by 2100.

To learn more about the project, please visit

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Above Watch the presentation on Nüwa